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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-39

Management strategies for cerebral arteriovenous malformation - An institutional experience


1 Institute of Neurosurgery, Madras Medical College and Government Rajiv Gandhi General Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Ali Ait Idir Hospital Algiers, Algeria
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Fujita Health University, Banbuntane Hotokukai Hospital, Nagoya, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kasinathan Sudhakar
Institute of Neurosurgery, Madras Medical College and Government Rajiv Gandhi General Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcvs.jcvs_6_20

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Background: Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation represent a particularly challenging subset of lesions, given their overall low incidence and the high frequency with which some form of multimodality monitoring may be required for complete obliteration. Materials and Methods: We report retrospective analysis of 9 cases with unruptured cerebral arteriovenous malformation who got admitted in the Banbuntane Hotokokai Hospital, Fujita Health University, and Nagoya, Japan .from the year 2014 to 2017.surgical treatment was appropriate craniotomy and resection based on the location of the arteriovenous malformation with multimodality monitoring with Dual Image Video Angiography, Motor Evoked Potential, and FLOW 800. We studied the following factors: Sex, Age, Arteriovenous Malformation size, Location, occurrence of Intracranial Hemorrhage, Seizure type, Duration of Seizure history, Treatment modality, and Arteriovenous Malformation obliteration. We tested for statistical associations between these factors and seizure presentation and outcomes with Clinical follow-up. Outcome was compared with modified Rankin Scale Results: Out of 9 cases operated for intracranial arteriovenous malformation 5 patients were female and 4 were male. Age [ Mean 39.4 + 16.7] of the patients ranged from 20 to 66 , 5 patients were 25 - 40 and 2 were > 65 and < 25 each.6 patients were Spetzler - Martin Grade 2 ,1 patient was Spetzler - Martin Grade 4,Grade 3 and Grade 5. 3 patients were draining into superficial venous system and 2 patient were asymptomatic and incidentally diagnosed during screening procedure. There is no Mortality in this study.1 patient underwent Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery. Conclusion: The increasing use of advance imaging techniques will increase the incidence of asymptomatic arteriovenous malformations. Non-ruptured arteriovenous malformation Spetzler Martin Grade 1 or Spetzler Martin Grade 2 have a good outcome for microsurgery [modified Rankin Scale and complete obliteration and there is better outcome with microsurgery.


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